The transition to a system of market relations has radically changed the conditions for the development of the Kyrgyz Republic. In the field of state development, the priority has been to ensure the sustainable development of the state based on the rational use of public procurement, which is an everyday process. Public procurement needs constant improvement, as real life puts forward new requirements and new conditions. Therefore, the effective and rational use of budgetary funds is an important state task.
The scientific and educational community does not stand aside either, it actively participates in the development of the public procurement system in the Kyrgyz Republic. Head of the Department of Logistics, KSTU named after I. Razzakov, Doctor of Economics, prof. Akylbek Umetaliev, Associate Professor of the Department of Logistics, Ph.D. Aida Dolotbakova, together with the dean of the Faculty of Economics of B. Yeltsin KRSU, Doctor of Economics. Natalya Brovko, prof. Department of "National Economy and Regional Development" KRSU named after B. Yeltsin, Doctor of Economics Akasbek Abdurashitov took part in the IV Open International Forum on Public Procurement “A new look at public procurement through data analysis: professionalism of customers, state priorities and sustainable development”, dedicated to the “2022 - Protection of mountain ecosystems and climate resilience” of the Kyrgyz Republic, which took place on June 8, 2022 on the shore of Issyk-Kul Lake (village of Kosh-Kol). The forum was attended by foreign guests, one way or another related to the field of public procurement, buyers and specialists from procurement departments of all major ministries and departments of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The forum was organized by the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Training Center of the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Department of Public Procurement under the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic, the World Bank Office in the Kyrgyz Republic, the Higher School of Economics - Perm, Сrown agents Ltd, the Commercial Law Development Program (CLDP).
The participants of the forum were welcomed by the Deputy Minister of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic Kalenderov Ulugbek Ibraimovich, Head of the World Bank Office in the Kyrgyz Republic Navid Hassan Nakvi, Chief Procurement Specialist of the World Bank for Central Asia, Director of the Perm Branch of the National Research University Higher School of Economics (RF) Volodina Galina Emelyanovna, regional manager for Central Asia of the company “Crown agents Ltd” Kokareva Larisa Mikhailovna.
The forum has become an open discussion platform for analyzing data to help manage the public procurement system, apply sustainability principles, address other government priorities and the role of professionalizing the public procurement system.
In the first session of the forum “Public Procurement Reforms in the Kyrgyz Republic and Sustainable Development Priorities”, the Director of the Public Procurement Department under the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic Dosaliev Bayaly Atamyrzaevich conducted a brief review of the work done to increase the transparency and efficiency of public procurement in the Kyrgyz Republic. Expert consultant on public procurement, trainer of the Training Center of the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic Abdymomunova Saina Ryskeldievna focused the attention of the forum participants on the fundamental differences of the new “Law on public procurement”, adopted on April 14, 2022 No. 27, including the possibility of civil society participation in the public procurement process, the introduction of smart -contract, random selection of the head of the tender commission, application of a point assessment to suppliers, etc. Expert consultant on public procurement, trainer of the Training Center of the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic Moldokulov Kanat Aidarkanovich highlighted the prospects for the development of green procurement in the Kyrgyz Republic. The head of the state property policy department of the Ministry of Economy and Commerce of the Kyrgyz Republic Satarova Eldana Taalaybekovna made an overview of the “Concept of procurement of state, municipal enterprises and joint-stock companies with a controlling state stake”, which raised many questions. The concept lays down the principles of transparency, touches upon the issues of competition between public and private enterprises, state control over the public procurement process.
In the second session “Data Analytics to Improve Public Procurement Efficiency”, World Bank Chief Procurement Specialist for Central Asia Kamrul Hassan showed the importance of data analysis in making public procurement decisions. His idea was continued by Deputy Director of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” (Russian Federation, Perm), Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor Shadrina Elena Vitalievna. She told what can be learned by analyzing procurement data. Professor of the University of Glasgow (Great Britain), PhD Dmitry Vinogradov devoted his speech to the issues of environmental friendliness of procurement. Head of Open Contracting Eastern Europe and Central Asia Viktor Nestulya showed open data on public procurement in Kyrgyzstan, told what opportunities and challenges exist in the context of public procurement reform.
The presentation of new modules on the analysis of procurement data of the Kyrgyz Republic was held by the web analyst of PPLO, Alexander Puzikov. They were presented with 3 new business intelligence modules of the public procurement process:
He explained that the Public Procurement Business Intelligence Module is a free multifunctional tool that quickly and accurately helps to navigate the world of public procurement and gain insights into the performance of product markets, procuring entities and individual suppliers. The analytics module includes data on all public procurements that were carried out through the public procurement system of Kyrgyzstan.
In the 3rd session “Professionalization of the public procurement system”, Director of the Training Center of the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic Turdumambetova Erke spoke about the professionalization of specialists and the formation of a career trajectory in the field of public procurement, about the students of the Training Center. Kirsten Jensen, Senior International Public Procurement Specialist of the USAID FAST Project, shared her international experience in professionalizing public procurement. Director of the Training Center for the training and retraining of employees of financial authorities and financial and accounting departments of budgetary organizations under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Uzbekistan Iroda Khamidova spoke about the role of the Training Center in improving the skills of the person responsible for organizing and conducting the procurement procedure. Director of the Center for Advanced Studies of the Tajik State Financial and Economic Institute under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan Khurram Juraev also spoke about the need to organize advanced training courses as a factor in improving the level of public procurement processes.
In the process of discussing reforms in the field of public procurement, the main issues of increasing professional knowledge, training qualified procurement specialists and the potential of stakeholders in the public procurement system of the Kyrgyz Republic were considered.